Curriculum materials

This resource focuses primarily on KS2-3 Geography and KS3 Citizenship, with further links to KS3 History.



  • Pupils should extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to include the United Kingdom, Europe, North and South America. This will include the location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical features. They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to enhance their locational and place knowledge.
  • Describe and understand key aspects of human geography including types of settlements and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water.
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of the UK, a region in a European country and a region within North and South America.
  • Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.



  • Pupils should consolidate and extend their knowledge of the world’s major countries and their physical and human features. Students should develop greater competence in using geographical knowledge, approachesand concepts to extend their knowledge, including key physical and human characteristics, countries and major cities.
  • Understand through the use of detailed place-based exemplars at a variety of scales, the key processes in [...] human geography relating to: population and urbanisation, international development, economic activity and the use of natural resources.
  • Build on their knowledge of globes, maps and atlases and apply and develop this knowledge routinely in the classroom and in the field.


  • Teaching should develop pupil’s understanding of democracy, government and the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Pupils should use and apply their knowledge and understanding whilst developing skills to research and interrogate evidence, debate and evaluate viewpoints, present reasoned arguments and take informed action.


  • At least one study of a significant society or issue in world history and its interconnections with other world developments.